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India–United Kingdom relations
With the world's fifth largest military expenditure , second largest armed force , sixth largest economy by nominal rates and third largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity ,  India is a regional power,  a nuclear power , a nascent global power and a potential superpower. India has a growing international influence and a prominent voice in global affairs. India faces serious economic and social issues as a result of centuries of economic exploitation by colonial powers. However, since gaining independence from Britain in , India has become a newly industrialised country , has a history of collaboration with several countries, is a component of the BRICS and a major part of developing world. India has taken part in several UN peacekeeping missions and in , it was the second-largest troop contributor to the United Nations. India's relations with the world have evolved since the British Raj — , when the British Empire monopolised external and defence relations. When India gained independence in , few Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy.
India has a high commission in London and two consulates-general in Birmingham and Edinburgh. Historically, Great Britain ruled India for years before Indians gained independence in The United Kingdom has an Indian population of over 1.
Posted August 06, India and China are both grappling with how to exert the awesome power of their central government over territory in which people of Islamic faith vastly outnumber the nation's dominant culture. For the Uyghurs of China's "autonomous" Xinjiang region, Beijing's most recent hard-line answer has been to isolate, detain and "retrain" hundreds of thousands of adherents. In India, the Government has happened on a simpler but far riskier approach to the Muslim majority in the state of Jammu and Kashmir: make it a minority with the stroke of a pen.
Hindus from Kashmir celebrate India move, Muslims feel 'deceived'
In August , India and Pakistan became independent. Under the scheme of partition provided by the Indian Independence Act of , Kashmir was free to accede to India or Pakistan. Its accession to India became a matter of dispute between the two countries and fighting broke out later that year. In April , by its resolution 47 , the Council decided to enlarge the membership of UNCIP and to recommend various measures including the use of observers to stop the fighting.